Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation
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2017

ACL
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Kelly Machado, Didier Zanghi, Vincent Sarou-Kanian, Sylvian Cadars, Mario Burbano, Mathieu Salanne, Catherine Bessada, 'Study of NaF–AlF3 Melts by Coupling Molecular Dynamics, Density Functional Theory, and NMR Measurements', J. Phys. Chem. C 121 10289–10297 (2017) doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b01530

Improvement of the industrial electrolytic process for aluminum production necessitates a thorough understanding of the underlying ionic structure of the electrolyte, which mainly comprises NaF and AlF3 at around 965 °C. The chemical and physical properties of this melt strongly depend on the aluminum speciation, which requires a multipronged approach in order to clarify its properties. Here we parametrize a new polarizable ion model (PIM) interatomic potential for the molten NaF–AlF3 system, which is used to study the liquid properties up to 50 mol % of AlF3 at high temperatures. The potential parameters are obtained by force fitting to density functional theory (DFT) reference data. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are combined with further DFT calculations to determine NMR chemical shifts for 27Al, 23Na, and 19F. An excellent agreement is obtained with experimental values. This enables the study of the dynamic properties of the melts such as viscosity, electrical conductivity, and self-diffusion coefficient.