Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation

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Aydar Rakhmatullin, Kelly Machado, Didier Zanghi, Ilya B.Polovov, Rinat Bakirov, Konstantin V.Maksimtsev, Catherine Bessada, 'Study of the NaF-ScF3 system as a molten bath for production of Sc alloys: a combination of NMR and Molecular Dynamics simulations', J. Alloy Compd. 786 953-959 (2019) doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.02.057

In situ high temperature NMR spectroscopy was used to characterize the NaF-ScF3 melt over a wide range of compositions. 19F, 23Na, and 45Sc NMR spectra were acquired in NaF-ScF3 melts of up to 70 mol% of ScF3. The interpretation of all experimental results obtained in situ in the melt is significantly enhanced by the contribution of Molecular Dynamics (MD) calculations. A new interatomic potential for the molten NaF-ScF3 system was developed by using a Polarizable Ion Model (PIM). The potential parameters were obtained by force-fitting to density functional theory (DFT) reference data. MD simulations were combined with further DFT calculations to determine NMR chemical shifts for 19F, 23Na, and 45Sc. The agreement between the experimental NMR data and the corresponding calculated data from our applied computational protocol indicated the polymerization and network formation in the melt. Additionally, the density and the electrical conductivity in the molten state were calculated from the statistical analysis of ionic trajectories obtained through MD simulations.