Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation

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F.Šimko, A.Rakhmatullin, M.Korenko, C.Bessada, 'Structural correlations and chemistry of the Na3AlF6 − SiO2 melt as an electrolyte for the solar grade silicon (SOG − Si) Electrowinning', J. Mol. Liq. 328 115453 (2021) doi:10.1016/j.molliq.2021.115453

Molten system Na3AlF6 − SiO2 was examined by high temperature NMR. Further characterizations of the samples prepared by Rapid Solidification Processing (RSP) technique and by spontaneous solidification were performed by X–ray diffraction and solid state NMR. The high solubility of SiO2 in molten cryolite and the immiscibility phenomenon were observed. Using thermogravimetric analysis, weight losses were detected, which could be attributed to the formation of the volatile products. The results of the present study are the evidence that SiO2 reacts with molten Na3AlF6 under the formation of the volatile SiF4, non − volatile NaF, and alumino−silicate AlSi3O8− species. NMR spectroscopy coupled with diffraction−based methods was proved as a promising approach to obtain information about the structure and chemistry of this rather complex system.