Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation
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2021

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Alberto J.Fernández-Carrión, Aydar Rakhmatullin, Li Yang, Michael J.Pitcher, Dominique Massiot, Florence Porcher, Mathieu Allix, Xiaojun Kuang, 'Sodium Site Exchange and Migration in a Polar Stuffed-Cristobalite Framework Structure', Inorg. Chem. 60 4322–4331 (2021) doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.1c00319

The study of ionic dynamics in solids is essential to understanding and developing modern energy technologies. Here we study the ionic dynamics of orthorhombic Na2MgSiO4, an interesting case of a polar stuffed-cristobalite-type structure that contains two inequivalent Na sites within the channels of the magnesium silicate tetrahedral framework. Its preparation by a solid-state reaction method favors the presence of ∼2% of Na vacancies, converting it into a pure Na ionic conductor with an optimized ionic conductivity of ∼10–5 S cm–1 at 200 °C. The macroscopic migration has been characterized through impedance spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulation, which proves the pure Na ionic character of the compound through hopping between Na1 and Na2 sites, forming three-dimensional migration zigzag-shaped paths. High-resolution solid-state 23Na magic-angle-spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy is employed to characterize the local structure and microscopic dynamics of Na-ion transport in Na2MgSiO4. Remarkably, variable-temperature 23Na MAS NMR and two-dimensional exchange spectroscopy evidence for the first time a Na site exchange phenomenon at room temperature, which further triggers Na ionic conduction at elevated temperatures.