Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation

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T.Bamine, E.Boivin, C.Masquelier, L.Croguennec, E.Salager, D.Carlier, 'Local atomic and electronic structure in the LiVPO4(F,O) Tavorite-type materials from Solid State NMR combined with DFT calculations', Magn. Reson. Chem. 58 1109-1117 (2020) doi:10.1002/mrc.5059

7Li, 31P and 19F solid state NMR spectroscopy was used to investigate the local arrangement of Oxygen and Fluorine in LiVPO4F1-yOy materials, interesting as positive electrode materials for Li-ion batteries. From the evolution of the 1D spectra versus y, 2D 7Li RFDR experiments combined and a tentative signal assignment based on DFT calculations, it appears that F and O are not randomly dispersed on the bridging X position between two X-VO4-X octahedra (X = O or F), but tend to segregate at a local scale. Using DFT calculations, we analyzed the impact of the different local environments on the local electronic structure. Depending on the nature of the VO4X2 environments, vanadium ions are either in the +III or in the +IV oxidation state and can exhibit different distributions of their unpaired electron(s) on the d orbitals. Based on those different local electronic structures and on the computed Fermi contact shifts, we discuss the impact on the spin transfer mechanism on adjacent nuclei and propose tentative signal assignments. The O/F clustering tendency is discussed in relation with the formation of short VIV=O vanadyl bonds with a very specific electronic structure and possible cooperative effect along the chain.