Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation
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2021

ACL
doi
OpenAccess

A.Casanova, R.Rincón, J.Muñoz, C.O.Ania, M.D.Calzada, 'Optimizing high-quality graphene nanoflakes production through organic (bio)-precursor plasma decomposition', Fuel Process. Technol. 212 106630 (2021) doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2020.106630

Atmospheric pressure plasma-based technique for the decomposition of biofuels allows obtaining high-quality graphene powder in one step, without the use of neither metal catalysts nor specific substrates. Despite the numerous advantages of this technology as compared to others, it is necessary to optimize the process to produce high-quality graphene at industrial scale. In this research, the influence of the ethanol flows in the 2.00 to 4.00 g h−1 range on the production rate and the quality of graphene has been thoroughly assessed, through a deep characterization of the synthetized material by various techniques. The graphene production rate steadily increased for ethanol flows increasing from 2.00 to 3.40 g h−1, presenting a maximum rate of 1.45 and 1.55 mg min−1 for 2.90 and 3.40 g h−1, respectively. Higher ethanol flows lead to a decrease in the production rate, favouring the formation of other carbon-based by-products such as methane and ethylene. High-quality graphene is formed in all plasma conditions, with the lowest number of defects being obtained for an ethanol flow of 2.90 g h−1 together with hydrogen and carbon monoxide as main gaseous by-products.