Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation
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2021

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Bernhard T.Leube, Clara Robert, Dominique Foix, Benjamin Porcheron, Remi Dedryvère, Gwenaëlle Rousse, Elodie Salager, Pierre-Etienne Cabelguen, Artem M.Abakumov, Hervé Vezin, Marie-Liesse Doublet, Jean-Marie Tarascon, 'Activation of anionic redox in d0 transition metal chalcogenides by anion doping', Nat. Commun. 12 5485 (2021) doi:10.1038/s41467-021-25760-8

Expanding the chemical space for designing novel anionic redox materials from oxides to sulfides has enabled to better apprehend fundamental aspects dealing with cationic-anionic relative band positioning. Pursuing with chalcogenides, but deviating from cationic substitution, we here present another twist to our band positioning strategy that relies on mixed ligands with the synthesis of the Li2TiS3-xSex solid solution series. Through the series the electrochemical activity displays a bell shape variation that peaks at 260 mAh/g for the composition x = 0.6 with barely no capacity for the x = 0 and x = 3 end members. We show that this capacity results from cumulated anionic (Se2−/Sen−) and (S2−/Sn−) and cationic Ti3+/Ti4+ redox processes and provide evidence for a metal-ligand charge transfer by temperature-driven electron localization. Moreover, DFT calculations reveal that an anionic redox process cannot take place without the dynamic involvement of the transition metal electronic states. These insights can guide the rational synthesis of other Li-rich chalcogenides that are of interest for the development of solid-state batteries.