Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation
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2022

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Salima Mabrouk, Hervé Rinnert, Lavinia Balan, Jordane Jasniewski, Sébastien Blanchard, Ghouti Medjahdi, Rafik Ben Chaabane, Raphaël Schneider, 'Highly Luminescent and Photostable Core/Shell/Shell ZnSeS/Cu:ZnS/ZnS Quantum Dots Prepared via a Mild Aqueous Route', Nanomaterials 12 3254 (2022) doi:10.3390/nano12183254

An aqueous-phase synthesis of 3-mercaptopropionic acid (3-MPA)-capped core/shell/shell ZnSeS/Cu:ZnS/ZnS QDs was developed. The influence of the Cu-dopant location on the photoluminescence (PL) emission intensity was investigated, and the results show that the introduction of the Cu dopant in the first ZnS shell leads to QDs exhibiting the highest PL quantum yield (25%). The influence of the Cu-loading in the dots on the PL emission was also studied, and a shift from blue–green to green was observed with the increase of the Cu doping from 1.25 to 7.5%. ZnSeS/Cu:ZnS/ZnS QDs exhibit an average diameter of 2.1 ± 0.3 nm and are stable for weeks in aqueous solution. Moreover, the dots were found to be photostable under the continuous illumination of an Hg–Xe lamp and in the presence of oxygen, indicating their high potential for applications such as sensing or bio-imaging.