Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation

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H.Bazzaoui, C.Genevois, E.Véron, M.J.Pitcher, M.Allix, A.Zandonà, 'Towards new zero-thermal-expansion materials: Li-free quartz solid solutions stuffed with transition metal cations', J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 43 1639-1648 (2023) doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2022.11.035

Stuffed aluminosilicate quartz solid solutions (Qss) represent the main functional component of state-of-the-art zero-thermal-expansion glass-ceramics. For the first time, we present the synthesis of Li-, Mg- and Zn-free Qss solely stuffed with transition metal cations (Fe2+, Ni2+, Co2+); partial Li+ co-doping enables also significant Mn2+ incorporation. They were obtained by glass powder crystallization; Qss crystals exhibit compositionally tunable coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs), from − 2 × 10−6 K−1 to ∼10 × 10−6 K−1 in the range 30–300 °C. Co2+-bearing crystals exhibit the closest-to-zero CTE value (0.2 ×10−6 K−1) and the most isotropic behavior in the whole Qss family, opening up new perspectives for the development of Li-free low-expansion materials. From a structural point of view, we identified the unit cell volume (and not the pseudo-hexagonality of the aluminosilicate framework) as the key structural parameter leading to low or negative CTEs in Qss, with a linear correlation extending to non-stuffed non-silicate quartz-like phases.