Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation

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Florian Olivier, Christophe Drouet, Olivier Marsan, Vincent Sarou-Kanian, Samah Rekima, Nadine Gautier, Franck Fayon, Sylvie Bonnamy, Nathalie Rochet, 'Long-Term Fate and Efficacy of a Biomimetic (Sr)-Apatite-Coated Carbon Patch Used for Bone Reconstruction', Journal of Functional Biomaterials 14 (2023) doi:10.3390/jfb14050246

Critical bone defect repair remains a major medical challenge. Developing biocompatible materials with bone-healing ability is a key field of research, and calcium-deficient apatites (CDA) are appealing bioactive candidates. We previously described a method to cover activated carbon cloths (ACC) with CDA or strontium-doped CDA coatings to generate bone patches. Our previous study in rats revealed that apposition of ACC or ACC/CDA patches on cortical bone defects accelerated bone repair in the short term. This study aimed to analyze in the medium term the reconstruction of cortical bone in the presence of ACC/CDA or ACC/10Sr-CDA patches corresponding to 6 at.% of strontium substitution. It also aimed to examine the behavior of these cloths in the medium and long term, in situ and at distance. Our results at day 26 confirm the particular efficacy of strontium-doped patches on bone reconstruction, leading to new thick bone with high bone quality as quantified by Raman microspectroscopy. At 6 months the biocompatibility and complete osteointegration of these carbon cloths and the absence of micrometric carbon debris, either out of the implantation site or within peripheral organs, was confirmed. These results demonstrate that these composite carbon patches are promising biomaterials to accelerate bone reconstruction.