Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation
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2024

ACL
doi

Corneliu S.Stan, Noumane Elouakassi, Cristina Albu, Conchi O.Ania, Adina Coroaba, Laura E.Ursu, Marcel Popa, Hamid Kaddami, Abdemaji Almaggoussi, 'Photoluminescence of Argan-Waste-Derived Carbon Nanodots Embedded in Polymer Matrices', Nanomaterials 14 (2024) doi:10.3390/nano14010083

In this work, photoluminescent (PL) carbon nano dots (CNDs) prepared from argan waste were embedded in highly optical transparent poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (PSA) and cyclo-olefin copolymer (COC) matrices, which were further processed into thin films. In the first step, the luminescent CNDs were prepared through thermal processing of fine-groundargan waste, followed, in the second step, by direct dispersion in the polymer solutions, obtained by solving PSA and COC in selected solvents. These two polymer matrices were selected due to their high optical transparency, resilience to various environmental factors, and ability to be processed as quality thin films. The structural configuration of the CNDs was investigated through EDX, XPS, and FTIR, while DLS, HR-SEM, and STEM were used for their morphology investigation. The luminescence of the prepared CNDs and resulted polymer nanocomposites was thoroughly investigated through steady-state, absolute PLQY, and lifetime fluorescence. The quality of the resulted CND–polymer nanocomposite thin films was evaluated through AFM. The prepared highly luminescent thin films with a PL conversion efficiency of 30% are intended to be applied as outer photonic conversion layers on solar PV cells for increasing their conversion efficiency through valorization of the UV component of the solar radiation.