Conditions Extrêmes et Matériaux : Haute Température et Irradiation

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A.De Backer, P.E.Lhuillier, C.S.Becquart, M.F.Barthe, 'Modelling of the implantation and the annealing stages of 800 keV 3He implanted tungsten: Formation of nanovoids in the near surface region', J. Nucl. Mater. 429 78-91 (2012) doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2012.05.024

The formation of voids in tungsten implanted at room temperature with 800 keV 3He atoms and subsequently annealed from 300 K to 900 K is modelled using an Object Kinetic Monte Carlo code. Different fluences are investigated ranging from 1017 to 5 × 1020 ions m−2 and comparisons are made with Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy results. Good agreements with the experimental results are obtained regarding the temperature range at which the vacancy clustering occurs and the dependency of the nanovoid size with fluence. Despite the small amount of He atoms in the investigated region named “track region”, their role is underlined and it is shown that they act as nuclei for the nanovoid formation. The non trivial consequence is that the higher the fluence, the smaller the nanovoids in the track region.